Indian Naval Power

I congratulate every Indian today on the special occasion of the induction of India’s largest indigenously built warship INS Kolkata into the Indian Navy. Truly, our influence is rising in the Indo-Pacific littoral. The 6,800-tonne destroyer has been built at the Mazagon Docks under the ₹11,662 crore Project-15A. As part of Project-15A, two more destroyers will be built: INS Kochi and INS Chennai. After the completion of Project-15A, Project-15B will be launched to build four guided missile stealth destroyers. Both INS Kolkata and INS Kamorta are part of the 44 warships currently on order in Indian shipyards at a cost of over ₹2 lakh crore, as part of the endeavour to steadily build a three-dimensional blue-water Navy capable of taking care of India’s huge strategic interests in the region stretching from the Persian Gulf to the Malacca Strait. The largest warship being indigenously built is the 40,000-tonne aircraft carrier INS Vikrant at the Cochin Shipyard.

—>INS Kolkata

History of the Modern Indian Navy

Chhatrapati Shivaji, the great Maratha warrior is regarded as the Father of the Modern Indian Navy. Kanhoji Angre was the first notable chief of the Maratha Navy in 18th century India. He fought against the British, Dutch and Portuguese naval interests on the coasts of India during the 18th century. Despite the attempts of the British and Portuguese to subdue Angre, he remained undefeated until his death.

About the Indain Navy

The Indian Navy is a well balanced and cohesive three dimensional force, capable of operating above, on and under surface of the oceans efficiently safeguarding our national interests.

The Navy has the following three commands, each under the control of a Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief:-

  • The Western Naval Command (Headquarters at Mumbai).
  • The Eastern Naval Command (Head quarters at Visakhapatnam)
  • The Southern Naval Command (Headquarters at Kochi)

The Western and the Eastern Naval Command are operational commands and exercise control over operations in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal respectively. The Southern Command is designed as the Training Command.

INS Varsha and INS Kadamba are the major naval bases of India.

Currently the principal roles of Indian Navy are:

  • In conjunction with other Armed Forces of the union, act to deter or defeat any threats or aggression against the territory, people or maritime interests of India, both in war and peace.
  • Project influence in India’s maritime area of interest, to further the nation’s political, economic and security objectives.
  • In co-operation with the Indian Coast Guard, ensure good order and stability in India’s maritime zones of responsibility.
  • Provide maritime assistance (including disaster relief) in India’s maritime neighbourhood.

Successful Operations

In the 21st century, the Indian Navy has played an important role in maintaining peace for India on the maritime front, in spite of the state of foment in its neighbourhood. It has been deployed for humanitarian relief in times of natural disasters and crises across the globe, as well as to keep India’s maritime trade routes free and open. In 2001, the Indian Navy took over operations to secure the Strait of Malacca, to relieve US Navy resources for Operation Enduring Freedom. The navy plays an important role in providing humanitarian relief in times of natural disasters, including floods, cyclones and tsunamis. In the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, the Indian Navy launched massive disaster relief operations to help affected Indian states as well as Maldives, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Over 27 ships, dozens of helicopters, at least 6 fixed-wing aircraft and over 5000 personnel of the navy were deployed in relief operations. These included Operation Madad in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, Operation Sea Waves in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Operation Castor in Maldives, Operation Rainbow in Sri Lanka and Operation Gambhir in Indonesia.This was one of the largest and fastest force mobilisations that the Indian Navy has undertaken. Indian naval rescue vessels and teams reached neighbouring countries less than 12 hours from the time that the tsunami hit. Lessons from the response led to decision to enhance amphibious force capabilities, including the acquisition of Landing Platform Docks such as the INS Jalashwa, as well as smaller amphibious vessels. During the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, the Indian Navy launched Operation Sukoon to evacuate 2,286 Indian nationals and expatriates, besides 436 Sri Lankan and 69 Nepali citizens, from war-torn Lebanon. In 2006, Indian naval doctors served for 102 days on board USNS Mercy to conduct about medical camps in Philippines, Bangladesh, Indonesia and East Timor. In 2007, Indian Navy supported relief operations for the survivors of Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh. In 2008, Indian Naval vessels were the first to launch international relief operations for victims of Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar. In October 1999, a coordinated effort by the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard led to the rescue of pirated Japanese cargo ship, MV Alondra Rainbow. In 2008, the navy deployed INS Tabar and INS Mysore  into the Gulf of Aden to combat piracy in Somalia. Tabar prevented numerous piracy attempts, and escorted hundreds of ships safely through the pirate-infested waters.The navy also undertook anti-piracy patrols near the Seychelles, upon that country’s request. In 2011, the navy launched Operation Island Watch to deter piracy attempts by Somali pirates off the Lakshadweep archipelago. This operation has had numerous successes in preventing pirate attacks

Indian Navy Warships, Submarines, Missiles, Torpedoes and other Equipment

India currently has 3 active warships:-

1. INS Vikramaditya

  • Kiev-class aircraft carrier
  • Made by Russia
  • Moving air base
  • Deal signed with Russia in 2004
  • Commissioned in November 2013
  • Inducted in June 2014
  • Russian Name: Admiral Gorshkov/Baku
  • Speed: 30 knots or 56 kmph

2. INS Viraat

  • Aircraft carrier
  • In operation since 1987
  • Made by UK
  • Speed: 28 knots

3. INS Kolkata

  • <Explained in the 1st para>

4. INS Vikrant

  • Aircraft carrier
  • 40,000 tonnes
  • Being built by Cochin Shipyard Limited
  • Construction is expected to be completed by 2016
  • Due to be commissioned in 2018

Indian Navy submarines are:-

1. INS Chakra-II

  • Nuclear submarine
  • Under a 10 year lease from Russia since 2012
  • 12,770 tonnes
  • Attack Submarine
  • Speed: 30-35 knots
  • Contract signed in 2004-05
  • Fitted with cruise missiles of range 300 km

2. INS Arihant

  • India’s first indigenously designed and built nuclear submarine
  • Ballistic Missile submarine
  • 6,000 tonnes
  • Fitted with Sagarika K-15 missiles
  • Bhabha Atomic Research Centre has made its nuclear reactor
  • Inaugurated in 2009
  • Launched for sea trials in 2013
  • Expected to be inducted by 2015

3. INS Sindhughosh

  • Conventional attack submarine
  • 3,076 tonnes
  • Made by Russia

4. INS Shishumar

  • Conventional attack submarine
  • 1,850 tonnes
  • Made by Germany

Indian Navy has the following missiles:-

1. BrahMos-1

  • World’s fastest cruise missile
  • Supersonic cruise missile
  • Speed: 2.8-3 Mach
  • Can be launched from land, air and sea
  • 2 stages= Solid+Liquid
  • Range: 300-500 km
  • In use

2. BrahMos-2

  • World’s fastest cruise missile
  • Supersonic cruise missile
  • Speed: 7 Mach
  • Can be launched from land, air and sea
  • 2 stages= Solid+Liquid
  • Range: 290 km
  • Under development

3. Sagarika

  • In use by INS Arihant
  • Belongs to K-15 family
  • Submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM)
  • Range: 700 km

4. Dhanush 

  • Capable of carrying both conventional as well as nuclear warheads with pay-load capacity of 500 kg
  • Range: 350 km
  • Great precision
  • Developed by DRDO

Other missiles under development:

1. Nirbhay

  • Subsonic: 0.8 Mach
  • Range: 1000 km

2. Barak-8

3. Maitri

4. Gabriel

5. Harpoon

6. Exocet

7. Derby

Torpedoes possessed by Indian Navy:

  1. Varunastra
  2. Whitehead A244-S anti-submarine torpedo
  3. APR-3E torpedo
  4. SET-65E/53-65KE torpedo
  5. Type 53-65 torpedo (passive wake homing)
  6. TEST 71/76 anti-submarine, active & passive homing torpedo
  7. AEG-SUT Mod-1 wire-guided, active/passive homing torpedo
  8. Shyena
  9. Torpedo Advanced Light
  • Besides the above, the Indian Navy possesses a multitude of frigates, destroyers, tugboats, steamers, training vessels, support ships, replenishment ships, reconnaissance ships, survey and research ships.
  • The Indian Navy also has a Naval Air Arm.
  • MARCOS (Marine Commando Force) is a special forces unit that was raised by the Indian Navy in 1987 for direct action, special reconnaissance, amphibious warfare and counter-terrorism.

brahmos[26720093560890-large.jpg]   -INS Vikrant

admiraldhowan

References

  1. Indian Navy Official Site
  2. Wikipedia
  3. News sites

-Ribhu V.

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